Peru Facts


Peru Facts and Information

In this page we provide the most important information and interesting Peru facts of this country; which is probably the best destination because you ‘ll find all kind of activities to experience and enjoy.


Official name: Republic of Peru

Capital: Lima

Population: 30 135 875

Surface area: 1,285,216 km²

Density: 21 inhabitants / km²


  • Peru limits to the north with Ecuador and Colombia
  • To the west with the Pacific Ocean
  • To the South with Bolivia and Chile.
  • To the east with Brasil and Bolivia.

Political division: It’s divided in 24 departments and one constitutional province Callao.

Most important cities: Lima, Cusco, Arequipa, Trujillo, Iquitos, Nazca.

Independence: July 28, 1821

Government: Democratic

Languages: The official language is Spanish, Quechua and Aymara.

Currency unit: Sol (S /.)

Ethnic groups: Amerindians (45%), mestizos (37%), Whites (15%), others (3%).

Religions: Catholic (90%), others (10%).

Time Zone: UTC -5.

Telephone code: +51